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General Description of petrochemical:
A petrochemical is any chemical manufactured from crude oil and natural gas as distinct from fuels and other products, derived from crude oil and natural gas, and used for a variety of commercial purposes.

The definition has been broadened to include the whole range of organic chemicals. In many instances a specific chemical included among the petrochemicals may also be obtained from other sources, such as coal, coke, or vegetable products.

For example, materials such as benzene and naphthalene can be made from either crude oil or coal, while ethyl alcohol may be of petrochemical or vegetable origin.

However, in the current context, petrochemicals can be conveniently divided into two groups: 1. primary petrochemicals and 2. intermediates and derivatives.

Primary petrochemicals include 1: olefin derivatives, such as ethylene and propylene and butadiene;

2: aromatic derivatives, such as benzene, toluene, and the xylene isomers; and 3: methanol.

Petrochemical intermediates are generally produced by chemical conversion of primary petrochemicals to form more complicated derivative products.

Petrochemical derivative products can be made in a variety of ways: directly from primary petrochemicals; through intermediate products which still contain only carbon and hydrogen; and through intermediates that incorporate chlorine, nitrogen, or oxygen in the finished derivative.

In some cases, they are finished products; in others, more steps are needed to arrive at the desired composition.

The chemical industry is in fact the chemical process industry by which a variety of chemicals are manufactured. The chemical process industry is, in fact, subdivided into other categories that are 1: chemicals and allied products in which chemicals are manufactured from a variety of feedstocks and may then be put to further use, 2: rubber and miscellaneous products that focus on the manufacture of rubber and plastic materials, and 3: crude oil refining and related industries.

HJ OIL Chemical products:
Naphtha is a flammable liquid hydrocarbon mixture. It is generally a fraction of crude oil, but it can also be produced from natural-gas condensates, petroleum distillates, and the fractional distillation of coal tar and peat.

Key characteristics of naphtha:
Volatile: It evaporates easily at room temperature.
Flammable: It can easily catch fire.
Hydrocarbon mixture: It is made up of various hydrocarbons, which are compounds containing only hydrogen and carbon.

Uses of naphtha:
Solvent: It is used in various industries as a solvent for dissolving other substances.
Diluent: It is used to thin out other liquids, such as paints and varnishes.
Fuel: In some regions, it is used as a fuel for stoves and lamps.
Feedstock: It is used as a raw material in the petrochemical industry to produce plastics, synthetic rubber, and other products.
Cleaning agent: It is a component in some cleaning fluids and degreasers.


LABSA (Linear Alkyl Benzene Sulphonic Acid) is produced by the sulphonation reaction of Alkyl Benzene with Sulphur trioxide (SO). Some other processes might desire the use of Oleum or Sulphuric acid.

Mono Ethylene Glycol (MEG):

(also known as MEG, EG, 1,2-ethanediol or 1,2-Dihydroxyethane) is an organic compound with the formula C2H6O2. It is a slightly viscous liquid with a clear, colourless appearance and a sweet taste that emits virtually no odor.

It is mainly used for two purposes, as a raw material in the manufacture of polyester fibers and for antifreeze formulations. It is an odorless, colorless, sweet-tasting, viscous liquid.

Dense Soda Ash:

Soda ash dense is the trade name for sodium carbonate(Na₂CO₃). Soda ash is synthetically produced in large quantities from salt (sodium chloride) and limestone by a method known as the Solvay process.
The pure product appears as a while, odorless powder with a strong alkaline taste. It has high hygroscopicity. It can be easily dissolved in water to form an aqueous solution with moderate alkalinity.

Light Soda Ash:

Light soda ash, sodium carbonate content which is white in color, sold in powder form and 50 kg of bags chemical. Easily soluble in water and a clear, colorless solution are formed. Heavy mineral densities and differences.

Diethylene Glycol (DEG):

DEG is an organic compound with the formula (HOCH2CH2)2O. It is a colorless, practically odorless, poisonous, hygroscopic liquid with a sweetish taste. It is miscible in water, alcohol, ether, acetone, and ethylene glycol. DEG is a widely used solvent.

Methyl Acetate:

Methyl acetate, also known as MeOAc, acetic acid methyl ester or methyl ethanoate, is a carboxylate ester with the formula CH3COOCH3. It is a flammable liquid with a characteristically pleasant smell reminiscent of some glues and nail polish removers.

Triethylene Glycol (TEG):

Triethylene glycol (also known as TEG, triglycol, and t taste. It is derived from both natural and petrochemical feedstocks. Glycerin occurs in combined form (triglycerides) in animal fats and vegetable oils and is obtained from these fats and oils during transesterification, such as in biodiesel production.

Polyethylene Glycol (PEG):

Polyethylene glycol is a polyether compound with many applications, from industrial manufacturing to medicine. PEG is also known as polyethylene oxide (PEO) or polyoxyethylene (POE), depending on its molecular weight. The structure of PEG is commonly expressed as H−(O−CH2−CH2)n−OH.

Propylene Glycol (PPG):

Propylene glycol is a synthetic organic compound with the chemical formula C3H8O2. Other names for are 1,2-dihydroxypropane, 1,2-propanediol, methyl glycol, and trimethyl glycol. It is clear, colorless, slightly syrupy liquid at room temperature.

Chlorinated Paraffin:

Chlorinated paraffin (CPs) are complex mixtures of polychlorinated n-alkanes. The chlorination degree of CPs can vary between 30 and 70 wt%. CPs are subdivided according to their carbon chain length into short chain CPs (SCCPs, C10–13), medium chain CPs (MCCPs, C14–17) and long chain CPs (LCCPs, C>17).

Caustic Soda:

Sodium hydroxide or caustic soda is a white solid substance with the chemical formula NaOH and it is obtained through the process of electrolysis of sodium chloride soluble in the electrolytic containers. It is called caustic soda because it is highly corrosive in nature.

Sodium Hydroxide:

Sodium hydroxide is an inorganic compound with formula NaOH. It is a white solid ionic compound consisting of sodium cations Na+ and hydroxide anions OH-.


Iran Urea is a raw material used in the manufacture of many chemicals, such as various plastics, urea-formaldehyde resins, and adhesives. It is also essential for making feedstock, glue, fertilizer, commercial products, and resin production.


Sulfur is one of the most important agricultural and industrial raw materials and is considered a strategic product sulfur is an odourless, tasteless and polyvalent nonmetal which is mostly in the form of yellow crystals and is obtained from sulphide and sulphate.

Acetic Acid:

Acetic acid (CH3COOH), also called ethanoic acid, the most important of the carboxylic acids. A dilute (approximately 5 percent by volume) solution of acetic acid produced by fermentation and oxidation of natural carbohydrates is called vinegar; a salt, ester, or acylal of acetic acid is called acetate.

Natural Rubber:

Natural rubber, also called India rubber, latex, Amazonian rubber, caucho or caoutchouc, as initially produced, consists of polymers of the organic compound isoprene, with minor impurities of other organic compounds, plus water.

Ammonium sulfate:

Ammonium sulfate is an inorganic sulfate salt obtained by reaction of sulfuric acid with two equivalents of ammonia. In the process, a mixture of ammonia gas and water vapor is introduced into a reactor that contains a saturated solution of ammonium sulfate and about 2%–4% (v/v) of free sulfuric acid at 60°C (140°F); the heat of the reaction maintains the desired temperature.

Texapon 70% – Sodium Lauryl Ether Sulfate (SLES):

Sodium lauryl ether sulfate under the Texas brand and the molecular formula NaC12H25SO4 is a translucent white or yellowish paste that has a mild odor.
Texapon is an anionic surfactant and belongs to the family of alkyl ether sulfates. It is obtained by combining a fatty alcohol such as coconut oil with ethylene oxide and subsequent sulfonation.

Calcium chloride:

Calcium chloride is an inorganic compound – a salt with the chemical formula CaCl2.
This substance is also known as calcium chlorine. This substance is a composition of calcium and chloride and is mostly contains two water molecules.

Sodium Bicarbonate:

Sodium Bicarbonate (NaHCO3), also called baking soda, bicarbonate of soda, or sodium hydrogen carbonate, white crystalline or powdery solid that is a source of carbon dioxide and so is used as an ingredient in baking powders, in effervescent salts and beverages, and as a constituent of dry-chemical fire extinguishers.

Sodium Sulfate:

Sodium sulfate is an important compound of sodium. When anhydrous, it is a white crystalline solid of formula Na2SO4. It also known as sodium sulphate or sulfate of soda. All forms are white solids that are highly soluble in water.

Sulfuric Acid:

Sulfuric Acid is a corrosive mineral acid with an oily, glassy appearance that gave it its earlier name of oil of vitriol.

Aluminum Sulfate:

Aluminum sulfate is a water-soluble, odorless, white crystalline compound with the chemical formula Al2(SO4)3 and CAS 10043-01-3.

Potassium Chloride:

Potassium Chloride (KCl, or potassium salt) is a metal halide salt composed of potassium and chlorine. It is odorless and has a white or colorless vitreous crystal appearance.

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